Managing the teaching of Cham characters to Cham people in Ham Thuan Bac district, Binh Thuan province - 10

* The Department of Education and Training prepares a proposal to the Binh Thuan Department of Education and Training to allow the opening of Cham literacy classes for Cham officials and young people , and to apply for funding to organize and teach Cham characters to people. Cham, and at the same time report this work to the district People's Committee.

* The Education and Training Department contacted the Ninh Thuan Department of Education and Training to ask for documents on the distribution of Cham literacy programs and textbooks for the elderly.

* Work with the district's group of Cham language teachers to prepare the arrangement of teachers.

* The Department of Education and Training and Training works with Principals of primary schools where it is expected to open Cham literacy classes to arrange facilities for teaching and coordinate with the group of Cham teachers of the school. district to assign teachers to teach Cham language reasonably, without affecting the teaching activities of the school. Assigning responsibility for the management of the Cham language class to these Principals is considered as the management of an literacy class in Vietnamese. Monthly report on the teaching and learning situation of the Cham class to the Department of Education and Training and Training.

* School principals work with village heads and representatives of commune authorities where Cham literacy classes are planned to create support and arrange forces to ensure security and order for the classroom.

* After receiving a written response from the Department of Education and Training, the Department of Education and Training shall submit it to the District People's Committee for the opinion of the Department of Education and Training, necessary work to prepare to open classes. Cham characters for the Cham people.

2.6.2. Organize a classroom pilot

* The Department of Education and Training and Training issued a notice instructing the principals of primary schools where classes will be opened to fulfill some key requirements as follows:

- Announcement of enrollment to open Cham classes.

- Arrange teachers to receive and guide students to register to learn Cham and organize learning classroom rules, specifying study time, learning tools and necessary requirements of the class. Motivate students to learn.

- Report to the Department of Education and Training and Training on the implementation status, the number of students registered to receive learning materials.

* Department of Education and Training and Training procures and distributes textbooks and teaching manuals; check the class attendance of the students.

* The Department of Education and Training and Training organizes inspection of the opening of classes, encourages and visits students.

* Initially, only pilot teaching classes for illiteracy eradication, one village per class, in three villages (one village per commune) were crowded with Cham people.

* Choose a commune with the most favorable conditions to conduct the opening ceremony to draw lessons for opening classes. After discussing with 3 principals of schools that are eligible to open Cham language classes, the Department of Education and Training and Training chose Lam Giang Primary School as the unit that opened the first Cham script class in the district. end of October 2006. The remaining units opened classes in November 2006.

After nearly 9 months of organizing Cham classes, the initial results show that:

* Psychologically, all Cham people who have a need to learn and eliminate Cham illiteracy have satisfied their desire to learn their own ethnic letters, they feel equal treatment in the field of educational enjoyment because they are granted the permission by the government. interested in creating favorable conditions for them to study, learn about customs and habits, and contribute to preserving their national cultural identity.

* On the part of people who teach Cham, they draw experience in the process of teaching Cham to adults in terms of communication as well as supplementing the Cham language.

* In terms of management, the Principal understands the process of managing Cham classes from the preparation of the class opening plan to the assessment of learning quality. Principals identify their responsibilities and know how to coordinate with local authorities and teachers in charge of illiteracy eradication in organizing Cham literacy classes.

* With the Department of Education and Training, on the basis of the theory presented and through the experience of organizing a pilot Cham script class, the responsibilities of teachers, officials of the Department of Education and Training and schools have been determined. under the Department of Education on the management of teaching Cham characters to the elderly; Proposing relevant levels to create favorable conditions for teaching activities of this practical significance.

2.6.3. About the situation of students leaving the classroom

TABLE 2.14: STATISTICS OF CLASS OPENING AT THE EARLY SCHOOL YEAR (November 2006)   

Commune Conditioning
age
Number of students Number of students divided by occupation
Officer Farmer Other professions
SL % SL % SL %
Ma Lam 15-20 3 0 0 3 100 0 0
21-30 8 first 12.5 7 87.5 0 0
>30 8 2 25.0 6 75.0 0 0
Add 19 3 15.8 16 84.2 0 0
Ham Phu 15-20 8 0 0 8 100 0 0
21-30 21 first 4.8 20 95.2 0 0
>30 7 3 42.9 4 57.1 0 0
Add 36 4 11.1 32 88.9 0 0
Ham Tri 15-20 ten 0 0 ten 100 0 0
21-30 33 3 9.1 30 90.9 0 0
>30 18 5 27.8 ten 55.6 3 16.6
Add sixty one 8 13.1 50 82.0 3 4.9
Three communes 15-20 21 0 0 21 100 0 0
21-30 62 5 8.1 57 91.9 0 0
>30 33 ten 30.3 20 60.6 3 9.1
Add 116 15 12.9 98 84.5 3 2.6

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(Source from Ham Thuan Bac Department of Education and Training)[ 20]

Graph 2.12: STUDENTS GET OUT OF COURSE ONLY (11/2006)

Table 2.14 shows that:

At the age of 15 - 20, there are 21/116 people attending the class, accounting for 18.1% of the total number of students. Learners at this age are all young farmers, interested in learning Cham characters.

At the age of 21 - 30, 62/116 people participated in learning Cham script, accounting for 53.5% of the total number of learners. In which, 5 people are civil servants, accounting for 8% of people in this age group. the rest are 57 farmers, accounting for 82% of people aged 21 - 30 attending school. This is the age group with the highest enrollment rate, in which agricultural workers make up the majority.

At the age of 31-45, there are 33/116 people studying Cham script, accounting for 28.4% of the total number of people going to the class. Of which there are 10 civil servants, accounting for 30.3% of people of this age group; There are 20 farmers, accounting for 60.6% and 9 people of other occupations, accounting for 9.1% of the age group 31-45, have attended Cham literacy classes. 

In general, among the ages of going to Cham classes, the age group from 21 to 30 went to class the most. Due to the characteristics of the residential area of ​​the Cham people, which is rural, most people live by farming, so 98/116 farmers participate in learning Cham script, accounting for 84.5% of the population. class.

2.6.4. About the situation of maintaining the number of students studying Cham characters

TABLE 2.15: STATISTICS OF THE SITUATION OF CLASSES TO CARE FOR AGES ONLY (As of May 2007) 

commune High
age students
Number of students Number of students divided by occupation
Officer Farmer Other professions
Ma Lam 15-20 3 0 3 0
21-30 8 first 7 0
>30 8 2 6 0
Add 19 3 16 0
Ham Phu 15-20 3 0 3 0
21-30 twelfth first 11 0
>30 7 3 4 0
Add 22 4 18 0
Ham Tri 15-20 4 0 4 0
21-30 16 3 13 0
>30 ten 5 3 2
Add 30 8 20 2
Three communes 15-20 ten 0 ten 0
21-30 36 5 thirty first 0
>30 25 ten 13 2
Add 71 15 54 2

(Source from Ham Thuan Bac Department of Education and Training)[ 20]

Graph 2.13: STUDENTS FOLLOWING CHAM (until 5/5/2007)

However, over a period of time participating in the study, the number of students leaving the class was significantly reduced, up to 45 people did not continue to study; Inside:

- At the age of 15 - 20, the number of students who dropped out was 11/21, accounting for 52.4% of the graduates of this age group. This is the highest dropout rate, possibly due to young age and low persistence, so it is easily fluctuating.

- At the age of 21 - 30, the number of students who dropped out was 26/62, accounting for 41.9% of the graduating age group.

- At the age of 31 - 45, the number of students who dropped out was 8/33, accounting for 24.2% of the age group. The dropout rate in this age group is the lowest. That shows the patience and hard work of the elderly in work, including learning Cham characters. 

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