The transmission from the interest rate policy of the State bank to the deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam  5
Mục lục [Ẩn/Hiện]
 Choosing The Optimal Lag For The Variables In The Model Table 4.8: Optimal Latency Testing
 Transmission From Refinancing Rate To Deposit And Lending Rates At Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development Of Vietnam
 Transmission From Discount Rate To Deposit Rate And Lending Rate At Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development Of Vietnam
 Asymmetry In Interest Rate PassThrough
 Discussing The Research Results On The Current Situation Of PassThrough From The State Bank's Interest Rate Policy To Deposit And Lending Rates At Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development Of Vietnam
 Interest Rate Management Policy Of The State Bank
 Solutions On Interest Rate Management Of Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development Of Vietnam
 Always Monitor And Forecast The Movements Of The Sbv's Interest Rate Policy
 Accurate Calculation Of The Lag Of The Sbv's Adjustment Of Operating Interest Rates
 Take Advantage Of The Mobilization Channel From The Rediscount Of Valuable Papers
 Diversify The Structure Of ShortTerm Mobilized Capital
 Develop Reasonable And Flexible Medium And LongTerm Lending Interest Rate Policy
Lagrange test: H o : No autocorrelation (Prob 2 > α=5%) H 1 : There is autocorrelation
White test: H o : There is no phenomenon of variance change (Prob ᵪ 2 > α=5%) H 1 : There is a phenomenon of variable variance.
Table 4.7: Diagnostic test and residual test
Unit: %
Variable 
Accreditation 
nR 2 
Prob 2 _ 
HD1M_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
6.875648 
0.1426 
Variance (White Test) 
7,977393 
0.3346 

HD6M_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
2.823177 
0.0929 
Variance (White Test) 
9.532566 
0.1230 

HD12M_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
0.624720 
0.4293 
Variance (White Test) 
7,895867 
0.2458 

HD18M_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
1.414595 
0.2343 
Variance (White Test) 
8,363241 
0.0791 

HD24M_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
1.491429 
0.2220 
Variance (White Test) 
6.609193 
0.1580 

CVNH_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
0.006167 
0.9969 
Variance (White Test) 
60.72642 
0.2464 

CVTDH_TCV 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
3.359875 
1.1864 
Variance (White Test) 
27.31280 
0.8199 

Contract 1M_TCCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
5.631849 
0.2284 
Variance (White Test) 
14.62938 
0.0511 

Contract6M_TCCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
2.408945 
0.1206 
Variance (White Test) 
14.79667 
0.0522 

Contract 12M_TCCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
0.305679 
0.5803 
Variance (White Test) 
0.787132 
0.8525 

Contract18M_TCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
3.356877 
0.0669 
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 The transmission from the interest rate policy of the State bank to the deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam  2
 Introduction To The Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development Of Vietnam
 PassThrough From Rediscount Rate To Deposit And Lending Rates
 Limitations Of The Topic And Directions For Further Research
 The transmission from the interest rate policy of the State bank to the deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam  7
 The transmission from the interest rate policy of the State bank to the deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam  8
Variance (White Test) 
6.291303 
0.0983 

Contract24M_TCCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
3.478041 
0.0622 
Variance (White Test) 
4.13170 
0.2495 

CVNH_TCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
2.02462 
0.1121 
Variance (White Test) 
16,99773 
0.0574 

CVTDH_TCK 
Autocorrelation (LM Test) 
0.51142 
0.2780 
Variance (White Test) 
15.56967 
0.0563 
(Source: Appendix 08) The residuals of the model do not have autocorrelation and variable variance, so the model is reliable.
4.5.4 Choosing the optimal lag for the variables in the model Table 4.8: Optimal latency testing
Unit: month
ARDL (y, TCV) 
y:HD1M 
y:HD6M 
y:HD12M 
y:HD18M 
y:HĐ24M 
y:CVNH 
y:CVDDH 
Optimal latency 
(4,2) 
(1,1) 
(1,4) 
(1,2) 
(1,2) 
(2,6) 
(2,4) 
R 2 
0.9676 
0.9480 
0.96345 
0.93368 
0.9336 
0.9774 
0.9715 
ARDL (y, stock market) 
y:HD1M 
y:HD6M 
y:HD12M 
y:HD18M 
y:HĐ24M 
y:CVNH 
y:CVDDH 
Optimal latency 
(4,2) 
(1,1) 
(1,1) 
(1,1) 
(1,1) 
(3,3) 
(2,3) 
R 2 
0.9651 
0.94047 
0.93873 
0.91398 
0.9135 
0.9661 
0.96231 
(Source: Appendix 04) The optimal lag of the ARDL model (TCV, CVNH) is ARDL (2.6) with R 2 of 0.97747, that is, the model explains more than 97% of the volatility of interest shortterm lending rate at the refinancing rate. The optimal latency of the ARDL(TCV, HD1M) model is (4,2), ARDL(TCV, HD6M) is (1,1), ARDL(TCV, HD12M) is (1,4), ARDL(TCV, HD18M) is (1,2), ARDL(TCV, HD24M) is (1,2), ARDL(TCV, CVTDH) is (2,4).
Similarly, the optimal lag of the ARDL(TCK, CVNH) model is (3,3) with an R 2 of 0.96618, that is, the model explains more than 96% of fluctuations in shortterm lending rates. at the discount rate. The optimal delay of the ARDL(TCK, HD1M) model is (1,1),
ARDL(TCK, HD6M) is (1,1), ARDL(TCK, HD12M) is (1,1), ARDL(TCK, HD18M) is (1,1), ARDL(TCV, HD24M) is (1,1 ), ARDL(TCV, CVTDH) is (2,3).
4.6 Research results
4.6.1 Transmission from refinancing rate to deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam
Table 4.9: Longterm interest rate passthrough from refinancing rates to deposit and lending rates at Agribank in the period 20082015
Unit: %
TCV 
1 month contract 
Contract 6M 
Contract 12M 
Contract 18M 
HD24M 
CVNH 
CVTDH 
Slope 
0.1052 
0.1913 
0.6142 
0.26757 
0.27187 
0.7133 
0.6210 
(Source: Appendix 05) The passthrough coefficients are positive and significant at the 5% level, implying a positive relationship between the variables in the long run, i.e. when the refinancing rate increases or decreases deposit interest rate or lending interest rate also increase or decrease. In the long term, the passthrough from refinancing interest rates is incomplete and quite high in the relationships between HD12M_TCV, CVNH_TCV, CVTDH_TCV. Specifically:
 For 12month deposit rates in relation to refinancing rates: The passthrough of refinancing rates is 0.614213, which means that in the long run when refinancing rates increase (or decrease), ) 1% will increase (or decrease) the deposit interest rate for 12 months by 0.614213%.
 Similarly, the passthrough of the refinancing interest rate to the deposit interest rates of HD1M, HD6M, HD18M, and HD24M is 0.10526, respectively; 0.19134; 0.26757; 0.27187. Systems
This number is quite low, showing that the passthrough from refinancing rate to deposit rates for 1month, 6month, 18month and 24month terms is quite low in the long term.
 For shortterm, mediumterm and longterm lending rates in relation to refinance rates: The passthrough of refinancing rates is 0.7133 and 0.6210, respectively, meaning that in the longrun when interest is If the refinancing rate increases (or decreases) by 1%, it will affect the interest rate for loans of credit institutions and credit institutions to increase (or decrease) by 0.71335%; 0.6210%.
Table 4.10: Shortterm passthrough from refinancing rates to deposit and lending rates at Agribank for the period 20082015
Unit: %
Variable 
o 
δ 
Mal=(βo1)/δ 
HD1M_TCV 
0.463933 
0.051617 
10,385 
HD6M_TCV 
0.693945 
0.061132 
5.006 
HD12M_TCV 
0.479081 
0.156341 
3.332 
HD18M_TCV 
0.446020 
0.112841 
4,909 
HD24M_TCV 
0.445094 
0.119060 
4.661 
CVNH_TCV 
0.505428 
0.122802 
4.027 
CVTDH_TCV 
0.470750 
0.133025 
3,979 
(Source: Appendix 06) The shortterm interest rate passthrough βo ranges from about 0.45%  0.69%. The correction coefficient δ has a negative sign and is significant at the 5% level. Specifically: βo of contract 6M_TCV is equal to 0.693945 representing the shortterm passthrough from refinancing interest rate to 6month deposit rate of 69.3945% and δ =  0.061132 indicates deposit interest rate. 6 months from the longterm equilibrium position when there is a change in the refinancing interest rate, the 6M deposit rate will adjust by about 6,1132% so that the next period 6M deposit rate will return to the equilibrium position. and this took a period of 5,006 months. The same explanation for the shortrun passthrough of the remaining variables of the model.
4.6.2 Transmission from discount rate to deposit rate and lending rate at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam
Table 4.11: Longterm passthrough from rediscount rates to deposit and lending rates at Agribank in the period 20082015
Unit: %
TCK 
1 month contract 
Contract 6M 
Contract 12M 
Contract 18M 
HD24M 
CVNH 
CVTDH 
Slope 
0.2770 
0.1213 
0.6256 
0.47707 
0.3228 
0.7868 
0.75382 
(Source: Appendix 05)
The passthrough coefficients have a positive value and are significant at the 5% level, implying a positive relationship between the variables in the long run, that is, when the discount rate increases or decreases, the deposit rate or loans also increase or decrease. In the long term, the passthrough from the rediscount rate is incomplete and quite high in the relationships between contract 12M_TCK, CVNH_TCK, CVTDH_TCK. Specifically:
 For the 12month deposit rate in relation to the rediscount rate: The passthrough of the rediscount rate is 0.6256, which means that in the long run when the rediscount rate increases (or decreases), ) 1% will increase (or decrease) the deposit interest rate of 12 months by 0.6256%.
 Similar to the passthrough rate of the rediscount interest rate to the deposit interest rates of HD1M, HD6M, HD18M, and HD24M, respectively, 0.27708; 0.12130; 0.47707; 0.3228. The coefficients
This low level shows that the passthrough from the discount rate to the deposit rate for 1month, 6month, 18month, and 24month terms is quite low in the long term.
 For shortterm, mediumterm and longterm lending rates in relation to the rediscount rate: The passthrough of the rediscount rate is 0.78685; 0.753829 means that in the long term, when the rediscount interest rate increases (or decreases) by 1%, it will affect the lending interest rate of CVNH, CVTDH increase (or decrease) by 0.78685%; 0.753829%.
Table 4.12: Shortterm passthrough from discount rate to deposit and lending rates at Agribank in the period 20082015
Unit: %
Variable 
o 
δ 
Mal=(βo1)/δ 
Contract 1M_TCCK 
0.406666 
0.057590 
10,303 
Contract6M_TCCK 
0.551751 
0.053415 
8,392 
Contract 12M_TCCK 
0.657086 
0.104424 
3.284 
Contract18M_TCK 
0.477074 
0.099772 
5.241 
Contract24M_TCCK 
0.474035 
0.104549 
5.031 
CVNH_TCK 
0.597473 
0.225497 
1,785 
CVTDH_TCK 
0.450366 
0.236571 
2.323 
(Source: Appendix 06) The shortterm interest rate passthrough βo ranges from about 0.45%  0.69%. The correction coefficient δ has a negative sign and is significant at the 5% level. Specifically: βo of contract 12M_TCK is equal to 0.657086, representing the shortterm passthrough from refinancing interest rate to 12month deposit rate of 65.7086% and δ =  0.104424 indicating deposit interest rate. 12 months deviating from the longterm equilibrium position when there is a change in the rediscount rate, the 12M deposit rate will adjust by 0.104424% so that the next period 12M deposit rate will return to the equilibrium position. and this took a period of 3,284 months. The same explanation for the shortrun passthrough of the remaining variables of the model.
4.6.3 Asymmetry in interest rate passthrough
Table 4.13: Transmission asymmetry test
Unit: %
βo 
1 _ 
2 _ 
MAL + 
MAL  
Wald 1 = 2 _ 

HD1M_TCV 
0.466418 
0.84487 
1.10536 
0.6315 
0.4827 
1 # δ 2 
HD6M_TCV 
0.670697 
0.93216 
1.05611 
0.3533 
0.3118 
1 # δ 2 
HD12M_TCV 
0.436557 
0.79436 
1.10604 
0.7093 
0.5094 
1 # δ 2 
HD18M_TCV 
0.409006 
0.82944 
1.13500 
0.7125 
0.5207 
1 # δ 2 
HD24M_TCV 
0.426518 
0.93404 
1.15802 
0.6140 
0.4952 
1 # δ 2 
CVNH_TCV 
0.464695 
0.89256 
1.08786 
0.5997 
0.4921 
1 # δ 2 
CVTDH_TCV 
0.480824 
0.48045 
1.10303 
1.081 
0.4707 
1 # δ 2 
Contract 1M_TCCK 
0.401107 
0.84677 
1.09040 
0.7073 
0.5492 
1 # δ 2 
Contract6M_TCCK 
0.552356 
0.93357 
1.07589 
0.4795 
0.4161 
1 # δ 2 
Contract 12M_TCCK 
0.616985 
0.90939 
1.05204 
0.4212 
0.3641 
1 # δ 2 
Contract18M_TCK 
0.445718 
0.93064 
1.07744 
0.5956 
0.5144 
1 # δ 2 
Contract24M_TCCK 
0.440508 
0.93254 
1.07726 
0.5600 
0.5216 
1 # δ 2 
CVNH_TCK 
0.546253 
0.74245 
1.26875 
0.6111 
0.3576 
1 # δ 2 
CVTDH_TCK 
0.321751 
0.73367, 
1.28087 
0.9245 
0.5295 
1 # δ 2 
(Source: Appendix 07) δ 1 , δ 2 have negative values, so they are significant and have statistical value at 5% level. Specifically: βo of contract 1M_TCV equals 0.466418 representing the shortterm passthrough from refinancing interest rate to 1month deposit rate of 46,6428% and δ 1 =  0.84487 indicates deposit interest rate. 1 month higher than the longterm equilibrium interest rate, when there is a change in the refinancing interest rate, the 1M deposit rate will adjust about 0.84487% so that the 1M deposit rate will return to the equilibrium position in the next period. and this takes a period of 0.6315 months. δ 2 = 1,10536 indicates that the 1month deposit interest rate is lower than the balance interest rate longterm equilibrium when there is a change in the refinancing interest rate, the 1M deposit rate will adjust about 1,10536% so that the next period 1M deposit rate returns to the equilibrium position and this takes time. is 0.4827 months. The same explanation for the shortrun passthrough of the remaining variables of the model. A different value of δ 1 than δ 2 shows that interest rate passthrough is different when interest rates are above equilibrium and below equilibrium, or in other words, shortrun interest rate passthrough is asymmetric.
4.7 Discussing the research results on the current situation of passthrough from the State Bank's interest rate policy to deposit and lending rates at Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam
 There is a passthrough from the refinancing rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates.
 Long term:
+ The passthrough from the refinancing rate to the 12month deposit rate is the strongest. The reason for this is that 12month term deposits accounted for a relatively high proportion of Agribank's mobilized capital structure and in the 20092014 period, the SBV's operating interest rates fluctuated strongly, so Agribank also actively adjusted promptly adjust interest rates in accordance with the regulations of the State Bank and ensure the interests of customers as well as the bank in a timely and prompt manner, meeting the needs of customers.
liquidity in each period. Therefore, the 12month deposit rate is quite sensitive to the fluctuation of the refinancing interest rate.
+ The level of passthrough from refinancing interest rates to shortterm lending rates and medium and longterm lending rates is high because Agribank actively adjusts interest rates to ensure liquidity and balance shortterm funding. and medium and long term.
Thus, in the long run, the passthrough of refinancing rates to longterm deposit rates is higher than that of shortterm deposit rates. This is consistent with the expectation hypothesis of interest rate term structure. Shortterm interest rates have a higher correlation than longterm interest rates and are susceptible to strong fluctuations by market factors. Longterm interest rates are affected not only by current shortterm rates, but also by future shortterm rates. In the long run, the passthrough from refinancing rates to lending rates is higher than the passthrough to deposit rates, showing that this result is consistent with the study of Kleimeier, Sander [2005]. .
 In the short term, the passthrough of refinancing rates to deposit and lending rates is almost the same and not too high. The reason for this is that when the SBV's operating interest rate changes, the bank has an expectation that this change is only temporary, so the bank does not adjust interest rates immediately to avoid an immediate cost increase. . Shortrun interest rate passthrough is asymmetric and this result is consistent with the work of Hannan and Berger (1991), Neumark and Sharpe (1992), Scholnick (1996), Lim (2001), Jamilov et al. 2015).
 There is a passthrough from the rediscount rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates.
 Long term:
+ The passthrough from the rediscount rate to the 12month deposit rate is the strongest.
+ The passthrough from rediscount interest rates to shortterm lending rates and medium and longterm lending rates are both high. The reason is that in 2011, inflation increased, deposit and lending interest rates of Agribank increased, leading to difficulties for banks.
the business and the liquidity situation of the bank was difficult. The State Bank of Vietnam issued Circulars 19/2012/TTNHNN and 20/2012/TTNHNN in which the VND lending interest rate for 4 priority areas is 13%/year to help businesses and households overcome difficulties and stabilize production and business. Due to the interest rate policy requirements of the State Bank, Agribank had to change interest rates in a timely manner, especially lending rates to boost the economy. Therefore, lending interest rates must be low corresponding to lower operating rates, so the passthrough to lending rates is higher than deposit rates.
Thus, in the long run, the passthrough of rediscount interest rates to longterm deposit rates is higher than that of shortterm deposit rates.
 In the short term, the passthrough of the discount rate to the deposit and lending rates is almost the same, not too high, and the shortterm passthrough is asymmetric. The reason for this is because:
+ Agribank has always faced slow increase in lending interest rates and slow lowering of deposit rates to meet the SBV's operating interest rates, both to increase profits for the bank itself in a short time, and to reduce risks. Liquidity.
+ Agribank does not want to change deposit or lending rates if changes in the SBV's refinancing or rediscount rates are small or temporary. The reason is due to the appearance of adjustment costs related to interest rate changes such as advertising, printing, notice... Therefore, Agribank will react slowly to temporary changes in monetary policy and react quickly to longterm changes in monetary policy.
+ Customers do not like to switch financial products because they spend a lot of time, effort and inconvenience to find other better financial products. Therefore, Agribank adjusted to increase deposit rates faster and reduce lending rates more slowly to retain customers while still generating profits, so there was asymmetry in the rate of interest rate transmission.
Conclusion Chapter 4
Chapter 4 presents the theory of ARDL research model, the transmission results from refinancing interest rate, rediscount interest rate to deposit interest rate, lending interest rate at different maturities at Agribank in the period of 2008 2015. The results show that the passthrough is not complete in the long and short term, only 12month deposit rates, shortterm, medium and longterm lending rates have high passthrough when there is a change in interest rates. financing, discount rate. At the same time, there is asymmetric passthrough of interest rates in the shortrun study. The results of this study are the basis to find out the factors affecting the asymmetric transmission of the SBV's operating interest rates or the rigidity of Agribank's interest rate adjustment.
CHAPTER 5. CONCLUSIONS AND SOLUTIONS ON INTEREST RATE MANAGEMENT OF BANK FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF VIETNAM.
Chapter 5 Introduction
Chapter 5 presents the main results drawn from the empirical studies in chapter 4, thereby suggesting the operating policy of the State Bank, and providing solutions for operating the interest rate policy of the Bank for Agriculture and Development. rural development to increase interest rate passthrough.
5.1 Conclusion
The research results on the transmission from the refinancing interest rate, the SBV's rediscount interest rate to the deposit interest rate and lending interest rate at Agribank in the period 20082015 are as follows:
 There is a close relationship between the refinancing interest rate, the SBV's rediscount interest rate and the deposit interest rate and lending interest rate in terms of Agribank and this relationship changes in the same direction. When the refinancing and rediscount interest rates increase (decrease), the deposit and lending rates also increase or decrease.
 The transmission from SBV's refinancing rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates is incomplete. This is because when there is an adjustment of the refinancing interest rate, the deposit and lending rates at Agribank need time to adjust to fully reflect the change, called the lag. In the long run, the passthrough from refinancing rates to lending rates is higher than the passthrough to deposit rates. This suggests that interest rate passthrough is faster in the lending market when policy interest rate changes are correctly predicted, whereas in the deposit market the passthrough is weaker. In the short term, the passthrough of refinancing rates to deposit and lending rates is almost the same, not too high and asymmetrical.
 The transmission from SBV's rediscount rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates is incomplete. In the long run, the passthrough from the discount rate to the lending rate is higher than the passthrough to the deposit rate. In the short term, the passthrough of the discount rate to the deposit and lending rates is almost the same and is not too high. The speed of adjusting interest rates to the equilibrium position in the longterm is quite fast, ranging from 1 to 2 months, while that of deposit rates is quite slow.
5.2 Interest rate management policy of the State Bank
Based on the assessment of developments and forecasts on the domestic and international macroeconomics and currency, and closely followed the Resolutions of the National Assembly and the Government, the State Bank continued to be consistent with the goal of controlling inflation (below). 5%), stabilizing the macroeconomy, supporting reasonable economic growth (about 6.7%), ensuring system safety.
To achieve the above goal, management solutions will be focused by the State Bank on the following areas:
 Strengthen coordination with other macro policies, especially fiscal policy to be proactive and timely in operating monetary policy.
 Implement well the information and communication about monetary policy management solutions and the current status of banking operations.
 Implement credit solutions to control credit size in line with directional targets, continue to follow the motto of credit expansion in parallel with safety and efficiency, ensure system safety and promote promote reasonable economic growth.
 Continue to focus credit capital on production and business fields, especially priority areas according to the Government's policy.
The management of interest rates needs to be in harmony with inflation, macroeconomic situation, money market movements, foreign exchange and balance of interests between banks  depositors  borrowers. Therefore, in the coming time, the State Bank will control interest rates proactively and flexibly to regulate market interest rates at a reasonable level, contributing to stabilizing the money market and banking activities.
5.3 Solutions on interest rate management of Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam
5.3.1 Always monitor and forecast the movements of the SBV's interest rate policy
 Due to the transmission from the SBV's operating interest rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates, Agribank must always monitor and forecast the movements of the SBV's interest rate policy, especially the manage the refinancing and rediscount interest rates of the State Bank for timely and flexible calculation and adjustment in deposit and lending rates.
 Enhance coordination in providing information to the State Bank as a basis for improving the coordination efficiency of monetary policy and other macro policies in order to limit the negative effects caused by crowd psychology that disturbs the money market.
5.3.2 Accurate calculation of the lag of the SBV's adjustment of operating interest rates
Because the transmission from SBV's operating interest rate to Agribank's deposit and lending rates always takes a certain amount of time, which is called the lag. Therefore, Agribank needs to accurately calculate this lag in order to adjust deposit and lending rates at the right time to increase interest rate passthrough.
5.3.3 Take advantage of the mobilization channel from the rediscount of valuable papers
 The transmission from refinancing interest rate, rediscount interest rate to deposit rate and lending interest rate in the short term is the same and not too high. Therefore, shortterm deposit interest rates and shortterm lending rates do not fluctuate much when the operating interest rate of the State Bank changes. This shows that Agribank is focusing on mobilizing capital from residents and businesses but has not taken advantage of the mobilization channel from rediscounting valuable papers. Therefore, Agribank needs to take advantage of the mobilization channel from rediscounting valuable papers. At the same time, Agribank needs to come up with a flexible interest rate policy in line with business strategy orientations and market interest rate movements in each period.
 Develop a diversified capital mobilization mechanism on the basis of calculation so that the mobilized capital source has the lowest cost in order to lower the output lending interest rate, increase competition in the market, and help credit growth.
 Agribank should establish a balanced and appropriate capital structure to help Agribank balance capital between loan sources and ensure good liquidity.
5.3.4 Diversify the structure of shortterm mobilized capital
 In order to increase the passthrough to shortterm deposit interest rates, reduce costs, and create initiative in capital and liquidity, Agribank needs to diversify the structure of shortterm deposits by researching and presenting capital mobilization products specific to agriculture, rural areas and farmers.
 Researching the market, segmenting customers to offer products suitable for each customer, each region, developing preferential interest rate policies, diversifying and perfecting the product portfolio system. raise capital, increase utility for deposit products, crosssell products...
5.3.5 Develop reasonable and flexible medium and longterm lending interest rate policy
 The passthrough from the refinancing rate, the rediscount rate to the medium and longterm lending rate is quite high, showing that the medium and longterm lending rates are more volatile when there is a change from the SBV's operating interest rate. . Therefore, Agribank needs to develop a reasonable and flexible medium and longterm lending interest rate policy to best meet the loan needs of individuals and businesses.
 Always closely monitor the evolution of refinancing interest rates and rediscount rates of the State Bank in order to timely adjust medium and longterm lending rates, avoiding temporary fluctuations that cause damage to borrowers.
5.3.6 Expanding customers of all economic sectors
 In order to increase the passthrough of interest rates to lending rates, helping to improve the balance between deposit rates and lending rates, Agribank needs to focus on expanding customers from all economic sectors on the basis of selecting carefully select customers, accurately analyze the production and business situation and financial capacity of customers. Effectively implementing customer classification and loan evaluation, Agribank will
have specific credit policies applied to each suitable customer.
 Diversifying loan products and services, diversifying borrowers by expanding lending to economic sectors outside the state, small and medium enterprises, individuals, households and businesses. businesses... resolutely restrict lending to inefficient stateowned enterprises and real estate enterprises. Loan portfolio diversification associated with portfolio diversification reduces the risk for the bank itself.
5.4 Support solutions
In order for Agribank's solutions to be effective and effective, it is necessary to have supportive solutions from the State Bank and the Government.
5.4.1 Solutions from the State Bank
5.4.1.1 Interest rate policy
The SBV should keep the operating interest rate stable so that lending rates are not too high, helping the economy recover and develop. However, deposit interest rates must still be attractive enough to depositors and banks can better mobilize capital for growth. In addition, the SBV needs to manage and take measures against the motives and actions of raising interest rates that are not healthy, causing psychological instability.
5.4.1.2 The State Bank needs to make reasonable adjustments in the trio: compulsory reserve instrument, rediscount interest rate and open market operations to stabilize the market.
The SBV needs to use the reserve requirement with caution because of its strong impact on the market  changing the amount of money supply in circulation. At the same time, the SBV needs to flexibly and effectively use the tool of refinancing interest rate and rediscount interest rate by determining the size of the total discount limit and the total funding limit close to market demand. combined with the use of open market tools to influence to keep the interbank market interest rates fluctuating within the rediscount interest rate and refinancing rate bracket.
5.4.1.3 Improve information system to support monetary policy planning and implementation
The explosion of modern banking services such as credit cards, ATM cash machines... has had a significant impact on the implementation of monetary policy, making money demand.