Evaluation of geographical conditions and resources serving tourism territorial organization of Vinh Phuc province - 2

 Labor in the tourism industry     

There is a shortage of labor in the tourism industry in Vinh Phuc province. In 2013, there were 16,600 employees, an increase of 64.26% compared to 2009 but the average rate of employees per hotel room in the province was only 0.55. low compared to neighboring provinces and the whole country. The quality of labor in the tourism industry is still weak and limited in terms of professional qualifications.

    Income from tourism     

In 2009, total income from tourism reached 713 billion VND, in 2013 increased to 870 billion VND. However, the spending level of tourists to Vinh Phuc is still low. On average, international visitors spend about 50 USD/day/person. Domestic tourists spend at a lower rate, about 30 USD/day/person.

    Invest in tourism

Since 2001 until now, Vinh Phuc tourism industry has had 17 investment projects in the tourism sector with a total capital of 6,346.3 billion VND, of which: Tam Dao tourist area 6 projects, Phuc Yen 5 projects , Vinh Yen 4 projects, other areas 2 projects.

    Current status of tourism territory organization

    The hierarchical system of organizing tourism territory in Vinh Phuc province

(1) Tourist attractions

Archaeological sites; Cultural and historical relic sites, traditional craft villages; Revolutionary historical sites; Tourist attractions, resorts.

(2) Tourist sites

Tam Dao resort resort; Tay Thien scenic area relic; Red River eco-tourism area in the capital - North Dam Vac; Dai Lai resort resort.

(3) Tourist routes

- Intra-provincial tourism routes are built on the basis of connecting tourist areas and attractions in the private space of Vinh Phuc province, through national highways 2, 2B, 2C, North - South railway and other routes. Provincial Highway.

- The inter-provincial tourist routes are linked mainly in the space of the northern mountainous provinces. In addition, Vinh Phuc has the potential to develop an inter-provincial waterway tourist route through the Lo River - the Red River, but in the past time, this route has not really been developed.

    Business activities in tourist areas

In the period of 2010 - 2013, the tourist areas received a total of 5,421,955 visitors and  

reached a revenue of 1,768.85 billion VND, equivalent to 70% of the total number of visitors and 55.27% of the total revenue of the province. In which, the proportion of international visitors is very low, accounting for 1.48% of the tourist structure of the whole province. Domestic tourists account for the majority of visitors (98.52%), and often gather the most during festivals at the Tay Thien scenic area.

    Vinh Phuc's ability to link tourism in the tourism development space of the northern provinces

    Linking with provinces in the Northern key economic region Currently, Vinh Phuc tourism has not actively created links with localities. Vinh Phuc's ability to link tourism with other provinces in the northern key economic region is not high, due to the large difference in the quality of infrastructure, tourism material, and service capacity. as the attractiveness of tourism products. This is one of the limitations of Vinh Phuc tourism as well as that of some provinces in the northern key economic region, so it leads to many difficulties in exploiting the flow of tourists, especially international tourists. create a common tourist image of the whole region.

    Linking with neighboring provinces In the space of tourism linkages between Vinh Phuc, Thai Nguyen, Tuyen Quang and Phu Tho, because there are no inter-regional tourism products, the spread of tourists from other provinces to Vinh Phuc is not high. Therefore, development links have become one of the key orientations of Vinh Phuc tourism.

CHAPTER 3

NATURAL GEOGRAPHICAL SECTION AND ASSESSMENT OF FAVORITE RESOURCES OF VINH PHUC PROVINCE

    Natural geographical zoning of Vinh Phuc province

    Percentage level and zoning criteria

The thesis applies a system of zoning criteria on topography and geomorphology of Nguyen Dinh Ky and Lai Vinh Cam (2011), criteria on climate zoning by Tran Viet Lien, Ngo Tien Giang (2011), and other criteria on climate zoning. Indicators of vegetation zoning by Vu Tan Phuong et al (2013) in natural geographical zoning in the study territory. The zoning hierarchy is divided into two levels: regions and subregions. Based on identified zoning criteria and criteria, the entire territory of Vinh Phuc province is divided into 4 regions and 7 natural geographical sub-regions.

Board. The system of natural geographical zoning of Vinh Phuc province  

Region Sub-regions Symbol
Tam Dao mountain area Tam Dao medium mountain sub-region I1
East Tam Dao low-mountain sub-region I2
Low mountain area North of Song Lo - Lap Thach Low mountain sub-region North of Song Lo - Lap Thach II1
Song Lo hill - Phuc Yen High hill sub-region Song Lo - Lap Thach III1
Hill sub-region of Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong province III2
Phuc Yen - Vinh Yen lowland sub-region III3
Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac plains Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac delta sub-region IV1

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Evaluation of geographical conditions and resources serving tourism territorial organization of Vinh Phuc province - 2

    Natural features and tourism resources by regions

    Low mountain area North of Song Lo - Lap Thach

    Tam Dao mountain area

    Song Lo hill - Phuc Yen

    Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac plains

    General assessment of the favorable level of tourism resources

    Objectives and target audience

The objective of the assessment of geographical conditions and resources is to determine according to the levels of “very favorable”, “fairly favorable”, “favorable” and “unfavorable” of resources for tourism development purposes. in the study territory. Specifically: (1) General assessment to determine the favorable level of natural resources for tourism activities in general according to 7 natural geographical sub-regions of Vinh Phuc province; (2) Evaluation of each type of resource to determine the favorable level of the resource for some typical types of tourism.

Based on the assessment results, the thesis will propose appropriate orientations and solutions for the organization of tourism territory of Vinh Phuc province.

    Evaluation methods

The evaluation formula has the form:

  Di kj Di jj 1  

(1.1)  

where: Di is the overall rating of the i-th geo-general; Dij is the individual evaluation score of the jth indicator for the i population; kj is the weight of the jth indicator.

Applying the triangular matrix method of NCHuan (2005) to calculate the weights:

  kj n rj  

(1.2) rjj 1

  where: kj is the weight of the jth indicator; rj is the number of repetitions of the jth criterion.

The distance of each ranking level is calculated according to the formula (NCHuan, 2005):

DDmax -Dmin

USA  

(1.3)  

where: ∆D is the score distance between the ratings; Dmax is the highest overall rating; Dmin is the lowest overall rating; M is the number of rating levels.

    Evaluation process

    Establishing a system of evaluation criteria

(1) The system of criteria for assessing geographical conditions and tourism resources is divided into: groups of indicators of natural tourism resources and groups of indicators of humanistic tourism resources.

(2) The system of criteria for assessing conditions for exploiting tourism resources is divided into: groups of auxiliary technical and physical facilities and groups of criteria on the attractiveness of resources.

    Build a rating scale and determine the weights

(1) Building a rating scale

Very favorable: 3 points; Fairly favorable: 2 points; Advantage: 1 point; Less favorable: 0 points.

(2) Determine the weight

Determine the weight according to each evaluation criterion

    Result of evaluation

Applying formula (1.1) to the evaluation results according to groups of indicators of natural tourism resources, groups of indicators of humanistic tourism resources, groups of indicators of auxiliary facilities and techniques, groups of indicators of human resources. tourist attraction.

    The results of ranking the convenience of tourism resources

- Very convenient: + Mid-mountain sub-region Tam Dao

- Quite convenient: + Hill sub-region of Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong

- Advantages: + Low mountain sub-region North of Song Lo - Lap Thach

+ Lower hill sub-region Phuc Yen - Vinh Yen

- Less favorable: + East Tam Dao low-mountain sub-region  

+ High hill sub-region Song Lo - Lap Thach

+ Sub-region of Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac plain

    Evaluation of the favorable level of geographical conditions and resources for some types of tourism

    Review for ecotourism

Ecotourism resources are understood not only as natural values ​​but also as indigenous cultural values ​​that exist and develop together with them. When assessing the favorable level of resources for this type of tourism, it is also necessary to consider ecotourism resources in the integration of natural and human values. Ecotourism resources of Vinh Phuc are identified according to the following groups: (1) Landscape ecological resources; (2) Biodiversity resource group; (3) The group of human and ecological resources.

The results of assessment and classification of the convenience of sub-regions for eco-tourism are as follows:

- Very convenient: + Mid-mountain sub-region Tam Dao

- Quite convenient: + Low mountain sub-region north of Song Lo - Lap Thach

- Advantages: + East Tam Dao low-mountain sub-region

- Less favorable: + High hill sub-region Song Lo - Lap Thach

+ Sub-region of the hills of Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong province

+ Lower hill sub-region Phuc Yen - Vinh Yen

+ Sub-region of Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac plain

    Review for cultural tourism

Cultural tourism is a form of tourism based on national cultural identity with the participation of the community in order to preserve and promote traditional cultural values. The types of resources of this type of tourism are divided into two types: tangible humanistic tourism resources and intangible humanistic tourism resources.

The results of evaluation and classification of the convenience of sub-regions for cultural tourism are as follows:

- Very convenient: + Mid-mountain sub-region Tam Dao

- Advantages: + Hill sub-region of Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong province

+ Lower hill sub-region Phuc Yen - Vinh Yen

+ Sub-region of Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac plain

- Less favorable: + Low mountain sub-region north of Lo River - Lap Thach

+ East Tam Dao low-mountain sub-region

+ High hill sub-region Song Lo - Lap Thach  

CHAPTER 4

ORGANIZATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF VINH PHUC TOURISM TERRITORY AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

    Orientation building base

    Scientific basis for state management

The master plan for tourism development of Vinh Phuc province to 2020 with a vision to 2030 has organized Vinh Phuc tourism space according to 5 tourist clusters.

- Vinh Yen - Tam Duong cluster: including the whole Vinh Yen city and Tam Duong district. Take Vinh Yen city as the center.

- Tam Dao cluster: including the entire Tam Dao district, taking the Tam Dao tourist area as the center.

- Phuc Yen - Binh Xuyen cluster: including the whole Phuc Yen town and Binh Xuyen district.

Take Dai Lai Lake as the center.

- Yen Lac - Vinh Tuong cluster: including the whole of Yen Lac and Vinh Tuong districts.

- Lap Thach - Song Lo cluster: including the whole of Lap Thach and Song Lo districts.

    Practical basis

    Strength

- Diversity of tourism resources are favorable conditions for Vinh Phuc to develop specific tourism products that do not overlap with many other localities in the region.

- Resources and favorable position help Vinh Phuc have the opportunity to promote economic, social development and especially tourism in relation to the capital Hanoi and the northern provinces and cities.

- The image of tourist destinations of Tam Dao tourist areas and Tay Thien scenic relic area has created strengths with its own nuances of Vinh Phuc tourism.

    Weakness

- The quality of labor in the tourism industry is still limited in both quantity and management and professional qualifications, not meeting the development requirements in the current trend of tourism integration in Vietnam.

- Seasonality in tourism is one of the important reasons affecting the average number of days of stay and the very low capital expenditure of tourists when coming to Vinh Phuc.

- The ability to link and develop tourism is not high, leading to the limitation of visitor flows to Vinh Phuc, as well as not creating a general tourism image of the whole region, in which Vinh Phuc has not yet been created.  

Phuc is an important destination.

- The waterway route has not been put into operation for tourism activities, which also leads to limitations in the exploitation and association of tourism resources, especially forms of humanistic tourism resources associated with tourism. wet rice civilization of the Red River Delta.

    Chance

- Marketing strategy to position Vietnam as a unique, attractive and safe destination built by the Government to create opportunities for Vinh Phuc tourism to assert its image in the domestic and international tourism market.

The increasing demand for domestic and international tourism shows that Vinh Phuc is facing increasing development opportunities from the perspective of "demand" of the tourist market, especially international tourists. .

    Challenge

- Tourism competitiveness is still low, affecting the position of Vinh Phuc tourism in the local socio-economic development strategy, as well as in the development strategy of the Northern tourism region in particular and of the whole country. water in general.

- Unsustainable use and exploitation of tourism resources leads to the degradation of historical and cultural relics, the decline of biodiversity in natural areas, especially in Tam Dao National Park.

    Orientation to organize tourism territory

    Orientation for tourism development in sub-regions

(1) Northern low-mountain sub-region of Lo River - Lap Thach: is an area for future expansion and development.

(2) Tam Dao medium mountain sub-region: is a key tourist area.

(3) East Tam Dao low-mountain sub-region: is an auxiliary space of Tam Dao medium-mountain sub-region.

(4) Song Lo - Lap Thach high hill sub-region: is an auxiliary area for tourism activities of Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong medium hill sub-region.

(5) The medium hill sub-region Binh Xuyen - Tam Duong: is the coordination center for tourism activities of Vinh Phuc province.

(6) Phuc Yen - Vinh Yen low-lying sub-region: is an adjacent location, a weekend destination of Hanoi.

(7) Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac delta sub-region: potential area

    Orientation of tourist spots, clusters and routes  

    Orientation of tourist attractions

Based on researches and field investigations, the thesis has identified tourist resource points in the following main directions: Cultural and religious tourism direction; Tour guide to learn revolutionary history; Direction of resort tourism, entertainment; Sightseeing tour combining scientific research, conference, trade; Ecotourism direction, mountain sport.

    Orientation of tourist clusters

(1) Vinh Yen - Phuc Yen tourist cluster: central tourist cluster

- Typical tourist attractions: Dai Lai and Dam Vac entertainment and resort complexes, Huong Canh communal house cluster, Kinh Phuc pagoda, Ha Tien pagoda, Vinh Phuc museum, Huong Canh pottery village.

- Tourism products: sightseeing tourism, convalescence; cultural and spiritual tourism; tourism conference, seminar, trade; Sports tourism, high-class entertainment (golf).

(2) Tay Thien - Tam Dao tourist cluster: a key tourist cluster

- Typical tourist attractions: Tam Dao golf course, Tam Dao National Park, Silver waterfall, Ban Long waterfall, Xa Huong lake, Ha village lake, Truc Lam Tay Thien Zen Monastery, Quoc Mau Tay Thien temple, Thanh Thanh temple Tran, Ba Chua Thuong Ngan Temple.

- Tourism products: ecotourism, adventure, mountain sports; sightseeing, resort tourism; cultural and spiritual tourism; scientific research tourism; tourism, conference, trade, high-class entertainment (golf).

(3) Song Lo - Lap Thach tourist cluster: a potential tourist cluster

- Typical tourist attractions: Hai pomegranate stork garden, Hai Luu stone craft village, Hai Luu buffalo fighting festival, Binh Son tower, Bo Lac lake, Van Truc lake, De Tham insurgent historical site, Bay waterfall, Bright mountain.

- Tourism products: ecotourism; mountain tourism; sightseeing, resort tourism; Cultural and historical tourism.

    Orientation of tourist routes

a. Intra-provincial tourism route

(1) Vinh Yen - Tam Dao tourist route: visit Vac lagoon, Tich Son pagoda, Tho Tang temple, Xa Huong lake, Tam Dao tourist area, Tay Thien relic complex, Truc Lam Zen monastery

(2) Tourist route Vinh Yen - Phuc Yen - Dai Lai - Huong Canh: visit tourist attractions in Vinh Yen city, landscape of Dai Lai lake, Huong Canh communal house cluster, Kinh Phuc pagoda, Huong Canh pottery village.

(3) Vinh Yen - Lap Thach tourist route: visit Trieu Xa - Trieu De rattan and bamboo craft village, Binh Son tower, Hai Luu stone craft village, Hai Luu stork garden, the temple to worship General Tran Nguyen Han, Sang mountain. - Waterfall Bay, landscape of Van Truc lake, Bo Lac lake.

(4) Vinh Yen - Vinh Tuong tourist route: visit Dung lagoon, Tho Tang communal house, Bich Chu carpentry village, Ly Nhan forging village, Vinh Son snake village

(5) Vinh Yen - Yen Lac route: visit Dong Dau site, Bac Cung temple, Thinh temple, Thanh Mau temple, Quang Huu pagoda, Thanh Lang carpentry village

(6) Combined tour route

+ Vinh Yen - Tam Dao - Lap Thach - Vinh Yen (the route to the North of the province)

+ Vinh Yen - Vinh Tuong - Yen Lac - Dai Lai (route to the south of the province)

b. Inter-provincial tourist route

(1) Road travel route

Hanoi - Vinh Phuc - Phu Tho - Yen Bai - Lao Cai Hanoi - Vinh Phuc - Tuyen Quang - Ha Giang

Hanoi - Vinh Phuc - Thai Nguyen - Bac Kan - Cao Bang

(2) Rail travel route

Hanoi - Vinh Phuc - Phu Tho - Yen Bai - Lao Cai - Yunnan

(3) Water tourism route

Hanoi - Red River - Song Lo

These tourist routes combine the exploitation and use of physical, technical facilities and tourism resources of localities on the whole route.

    Solutions implemented

    Solutions for resource management and environmental protection

    Solutions for linking and diversifying tourism products

    Solutions for tourism development investment

    Solutions for promotion and promotion of tourism

    Solutions to improve the effectiveness of State management of tourism

CONCLUDE

1. The thesis has reviewed the research works and the theoretical basis related to the research content. Create a basis for applying research points of modern geography to approach zoning and assess the convenience of resources for tourism territorial organization, applied to the province. Vinh Phuc.

2. Vinh Phuc province has quite rich and diverse tourism resources. Natural tourism resources are formed thanks to geographical conditions affected by non-tropical laws in nature, creating a diversity of terrain, climate, vegetation, and soil. In addition, there is a system of humanistic tourism resources formed throughout history with 967 sites  

There are 228 provincial-level relics, 60 national-level relics, along with many craft villages, festivals and archaeological sites of high value for tourism development.

3. The economic growth rate of Vinh Phuc province in the period 2009 - 2013 has been maintained stably. From an agricultural province, Vinh Phuc has rapidly transformed its economic structure towards industrialization and modernization to become a province with a high industrial-construction structure in the whole country. The proportion of industry - construction accounts for the majority of GDP of the province (57.3%), the proportion of the service industry tends to decrease (26.2%), followed by the proportion of agriculture, forestry and fishery (13, 6%). The service sector and tourism account for a very small proportion (2.9%).

4. Current status of tourism activities of Vinh Phuc province in recent years has not developed commensurate with its potential: low number of tourists, especially international visitors; Infrastructure - material and technical has not been developed strongly, unevenly distributed; Lack of human resources and low training rate; The ability to link tourism has not been expanded with neighboring provinces, in the space of the provinces of the Northern key economic region and the Northern tourism region; Effective tourism business is only concentrated in a few places such as Tam Dao, Tay Thien, Dai Lai, Dam Vac, leading to modest tourism economic efficiency, limited in investment and in the ability to meet demand. of visitors.

5. On the basis of dividing the territory into relatively homogenous units in terms of composition, nature and relationship between the forming factors, the entire territory of Vinh Phuc province is divided into 4 regions with 7 sub-regions . Identifying natural characteristics and tourism resources of each sub-region creates a scientific basis for the assessment and classification of favorable levels of geographical conditions and tourism resources by sub-regions and by type. tourism.

6. The results of synthetic assessment of the convenience of resources by the multi-criteria analysis method integrating the summing algorithm with the triangular matrix weighting model have determined the favorable level of the resource. tourism resources by sub-regions with levels of “very favorable”, “fairly favorable”, “favorable” and “unfavorable”. At the same time, it is possible to determine the degree of convenience of the sub-regions for two key types of tourism in Vinh Phuc province, namely eco-tourism and cultural tourism.

7. The thesis has assessed geographical conditions and resources, analyzed the current state of tourism development in the period 2009 - 2013, analyzed the master plan for tourism development in Vinh Phuc province to 2020 with a vision to 2030, and assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges for tourism development of the province. On that basis, a number of proposals are made for tourism development in Vinh Phuc province, specifically: Proposing orientations for tourism development by sub-regions; Proposing priority space for investment in tourism development in accordance with the characteristics of natural resources and the nature of each sub-region; Proposing orientations to organize tourism territory according to the hierarchical levels of points, clusters and routes; Proposing 5 groups of solutions to organize the tourism territory of Vinh Phuc province to meet the goal of exploiting and effectively using tourism resources towards sustainable development.

LIST OF SCIENTIFIC WORKS OF THE AUTHOR PUBLISHED RELATED TO THE THESIS

1. Luong Chi Lan (2012), Scientific basis for sustainable tourism development orientation of Vinh Phuc province, Proceedings of the 6th National Geographic Science Conference, September 2012, Natural Science Publishing House and Technology, p. 809-814.

2. Pham Hoang Hai, Tran Anh Tuan, Luong Chi Lan (2012), "Vinh Phuc tourism development in the space associated with Thai Nguyen and Tuyen Quang", Science Journal of Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Special Natural Science and Technology, vol. 28 (5S), pp. 22-28.

3. Pham Hoang Hai, Tran Anh Tuan, Luong Chi Lan (2013), Current status of tourism territorial organization and spatial orientation of tourism development in Vinh Phuc province, Proceedings of the 2nd National Geographic Science Conference 7, October 2013, Thai Nguyen University Publishing House, pp. 672-676.

4. Luong Chi Lan, Pham Hoang Hai, Tran Anh Tuan (2013), Evaluation of tourism activities in Vinh Phuc province in the development space of the northern key economic region, Proceedings of the National Geographic Science Conference For the 7th time, October 2013, Thai Nguyen University Publishing House, pp. 1083-1089.

5. Luong Chi Lan (2014), Natural geographical zoning for tourism development in Vinh Phuc province, Proceedings of the 8th National Geographic Science Conference, November 2014, Publishing House of the City University of Education Ho Chi Minh City, p. 500-506.

6. Luong Chi Lan (2014), "Application of multi-criteria analysis method to assess tourism resources of Vinh Phuc province", Journal of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Journal of Natural Science and Technology , volume 30 (6S-C), p. 559-568.

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Date published: 27/03/2022
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